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Tamu Loshar in Tudikhel with President of Nepal.

Tamu Loshar in Tudikhel with President of Nepal
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Tamu Loshar in Tudikhel with President of Nepal.

Losar is one among the most festivals in Nepal. The festival is widely known in Buddhist religion follower community like Tamang, Sherpa, Gurung and Thakali etc. who sleep in the hilly and therefore the mountainous region. The literal meaning of losar is New Year and follows the cycle of 12 years called Lohokor. Barga (Lo)is the special name given to every year and represented by different animals with its reputed attributes like mouse, cow, tiger, cat, garuda, serpent, horse, sheep, monkey, bird, dog and deer,. The cycle of animals is arranged during a single circle printed on a paper or a cloth. In Nepal when there was no calendar, the 12 rotation system was wont to calculate peoples’ ages.

On the very day of the festival the people visit the monasteries and stupas to wish , worship and have blessing from the monks for happiness and wellbeing. The stupas, monasteries, houses rooftop and mountain top are decorated with new colorful prayer flags and colorful decorative items to bring peace and harmony to the state . The ethnic people clad in their traditional costumes perform their cultural singing and dancing welcoming the New Year with feasts and family gathering. On the occasion of Loshar the govt of Nepal announces public holidays. So, the festival is widely known within the full swing across the country.

Types of Losar in Nepal

Tamu loshar:– 

Tamu losar is widely known by the Gurungs community living within the laps of the Mountain Daulagiri and Mountain Annapurna. Gurungs are the indigenous people from Nepal and called Tamu, another name of Gurungs. Gurungs are famous within the Gorkha army for his or her bravery within the Ist war and therefore the 2nd war . They are trusted, obedient and disciplined soldiers.

According to our Calendar, per annum ,15 Poush is that the day to celebrate Tamu Loshar whereas in English calander, it falls within the month of December/January. The date signifies the top of the shorter days and therefore the start of the longer days bringing warmness and charm.

On the eve of the festival, the lama, the spiritual teacher, establishes the statue of Buddha at each and each house and burn incense and commence the New Year . Sel roti ( Rice circle bread), Achar ( Pickle), Meat, homemade sake and Wine are served. People take in the courtyard to celebrate the festive within the rural areas where as in cities people take in a standard place and parade round the cities rejoicing cultural procession to mark the New Year.

Sonam Loshar:-

Sonam loshar is widely known by the Tamangs community dwelling within the central highlands of Nepal also around Kathmandu Valley. Tamangs are the indigenous people from Nepal. They have their own culture and dialects which distinguish them from other ethnic groups. Tamang means Horse Traders.

Gyalpo Loshar:-

Gyalpo Loshar is widely known by the Sherpa community living within the Himalayan region in Nepal. They have distinct dialect and culture. They are world famous mountain climbers and therefore the first one to scale Everest in Nepal, the very best mountain within the world. People from Tamang, Bhutia and Yolmo too celebrate this festive.
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